Bsc Nursing 1st Year Important Questions 2023 (RGUHS) – Anatomy

Rajiv Gandhi university of health sciences Karnataka, Bangalore

Bsc Nursing 1st Year Important Questions 2023 (RGUHS) – Anatomy

Important questions for B.Sc Nursing Students – Anatomy

UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE CONCEPTS OF ANATOMY

UNIT 1: SHORT ESSAY

  • Classify connective tissue.
  • Classify Epithelium with examples for each. Describe in detail the stratified squamous epithelium with a diagram.
  • Explain the anatomical structure of a human cell.
  • Explain in detail the classification of connective tissues.
  • Describe in detail the stratified squamous epithelium with a diagram.
  • Draw the labeled diagram of the typical cell
  • Describe transitional epithelium with a labeled diagram. Give an examples
  • Describe pseudostratified columnar epithelium with a diagram

 

UNIT 1: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Structure of cell.
  • Classification of tissues
  • Characteristics of tissues
  • Simple squamous epithelium
  • Types of connective tissue
  • Histology of cartilage
  • Parts of Mitochondria

 

UNIT 2: THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

UNIT 2: SHORT ESSAY

  • Classify the bones with examples. Describe the histology of compact bone.
  • Classify synovial joints with examples
  • Describe the shoulder joint in detail
  • Classify joints and explain humerus
  • Describe the knee joint under the following headings
  1. type and articular surfaces
  2. arterial supply
  • What is the patella? Mention its importance

 

 

UNIT 2: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Name the carpel bones
  • Name the bones forming the shoulder joint
  • Name the bones forming the elbow joint
  • List the tarsal bones
  • Name any 4 cranial bones
  • Arterial supply of hip joint
  • Name the parts of the sternum
  • List 4 features of lumbar vertebrae Muscles causing pronation and supination
  • Define the two types of skeleton
  • List any two differences between fetal and adult skull
  • Clavicle
  • Bones of the lower limb.
  • Draw a labeled diagram of the synovial joint.
  • Name the parts of the hip bone.
  • Parts of developing long bones.
  • List the bones of the upper limb.

 

UNIT 3

MUSCULAR SYSTEM

UNIT 3: SHORT ESSAY

  • Muscles of mastication
  • Describe rectus sheath and rectus abdominal muscle
  • Sternocleidomastoid muscle
  • Deltoid muscle
  • Trapezius muscle
  • Gluteus maximus muscle
  • Biceps brachii muscle
  • Name muscles of the gluteal region. Describe gluteus maximus in detail

 

UNIT 3: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Name the muscles of mastication
  • Name any 4 bones of the pelvis
  • Name 2 pectoral muscles and give its nerve supply
  • Name 2 muscles of the forearm
  • Name the muscles of the back of the thigh
  • Name the contents of the femoral triangle
  • Name 4 hamstring muscles
  • Name 4 parts of quadriceps femoris muscles
  • Name 4 muscles in the gluteal region
  • Femoral hernia
  • Mention the contents of the cubital fossa
  • Mention the contents of the popliteal fossa
  • List the type of muscles.
  • Muscles used for intramuscular injections.
  • Origin, insertion, and nerve supply of deltoid muscle.
  • Mention the differences between skeletal and smooth muscle
  • List the type of muscles.

 

UNIT 4

THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

UNIT 4: SHORT ESSAY

  • Name the parts of the central nervous system and describe the cerebral hemisphere
  • Name the various lobes of the cerebrum. Describe various functional areas of the cerebrum
  • Explain the structure of the cerebellum in detail
  • Describe the brachial plexus of nerves
  • Spinal cord
  • Draw a neat labeled diagram of the circle of Willis
  • Trochlear nerve
  • Explain the cerebellum with its anatomical significance.
  • Classify the nervous system and write a note on neurons
  • Ulnar nerve and its applied anatomy
  • Radial nerve and its applied anatomy

 

UNIT 4: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Name the parts of the brain stem
  • Name ventricles of the brain
  • Name major parts of the central nervous system
  • Mention the functions of CSF
  • Name 4 cranial nerves
  • Mention the two functions of the cerebellum
  • Spinal ganglion
  • What is a wry neck
  • Erb’s palsy
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Mention 2 parts of the sciatic nerve
  • Neuralgia
  • Bell’s palsy
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Name the branches of the trigeminal nerve
  • Mention the function of the hypoglossal nerve
  • Explain the deformity in klumpke’s paralysis
  • Special features of Medulla oblongata
  • Draw a labeled diagram of neurons.
  • Mention the parts of the brain
  • List the cranial nerves.
  • Name the parts of the central nervous system
  • Name the meningeal coverings of brain in order.

 

UNIT 5

THE SENSORY ORGANS

UNIT 5: SHORT ESSAY

  • Draw a diagram of the eyeball and briefly explain its parts
  • Describe the extraocular muscles
  • Explain the parts of the internal ear.
  • Describe 4 recti muscles
  • Describe the layers of skin with a diagram.
  • Tympanic membrane
  • Tongue
  • Auditory tube
  • Epidermis
  • Superior and Inferior oblique muscle of the eye
  • Structure of eyeball

 

UNIT 5: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Layers Of Eye Ball
  • Name The Ear Ossicles
  • Any Four Functions Of Skin
  • Name any four functions of the skin
  • Name the papillae of the tongue
  • List the auditory apparatus
  • Name 3 parts of the bony labyrinth
  • Mention the functions of the eyelid
  • Give the nerve supply of extra-ocular muscles
  • Mention 4 contents of the middle ear
  • Nerve supply to the tongue.
  • Draw and label the diagram of the skin.
  • Nasal sinuses.
  • Name the structure of the eye.

UNIT 6

CIRCULATORY & LYMPHATIC SYSTEM

UNIT 6: LONG ESSAYS

  • Describe the gross anatomy of the heart in detail
  • Name the chambers of the heart with a brief detail of each chamber and the valves in between them
  • Describe the right atrium in detail
  • Describe the ventricles of the heart. Write a note on the blood supply of the heart
  • Explain the spleen in detail location, external features, blood supply, histology, and functions

UNIT 6: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Waldeyer’s ring
  • Mention the formation and termination of the thoracic duct
  • Where is the spleen located and give its four important functions
  • Name 4 groups of cervical lymph nodes
  • Apex beat
  • Branches of the right coronary artery
  • Name 3 layers of the wall of blood vessels
  • Mention 2 differences between large and medium-sized arteries
  • Mention 2 differences between the structure of a large artery and a large vein.
  • Chambers of heart

 

UNIT 7

THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

UNIT 7: LONG ESSAYS

  • Describe the nasal cavity and its applied anatomy
  • Name the parts of the respiratory tract and describe the lungs in detail with applied aspects
  • Name the parts of the respiratory system. Describe the right lung in detail. Mention the differences from left lung
  • Describe the structure of the lungs in detail with a diagram.

 

UNIT 7: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Name the air sinuses opening into the middle meatus
  • name the para nasal air sinuses
  • Name the openings in the lateral wall of the nose
  • Name the bones forming the nasal septum
  • Name 4 cartilages of the larynx
  • Name 4 cartilages of the larynx
  • Name any four muscles of the pharynx
  • Name the parts of the respiratory system
  • Name two pleural recesses
  • Mention 4 structures passing through the diagram
  • Mention the action of intercostals muscle
  • Respiratory muscles.
  • Name the parts of the respiratory system.

 

UNIT 8

THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

UNIT 8: LONG ESSAYS

  • Describe the location, blood supply, nerve supply, and applied anatomy of the rectum
  • Describe the parts, features, blood supply, and histology of the stomach
  • Mention different parts of the digestive system. Describe the esophagus in detail
  • Name the salivary glands. Where do they open? Describe the parotid gland in detail
  • Name the parts of the extrahepatic biliary apparatus. Describe the anatomy of the liver
  • Describe the pharynx
  • Describe the duodenum
  • Name the parts of the digestive system. And describe the stomach in detail.
  • Name the location, surfaces, borders, blood supply, and applied anatomy of the liver.

 

UNIT 8: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Parotid gland
  • Submandibular gland
  • Oesophagus
  • Histology of esophagus
  • Describe the blood supply of the stomach
  • Stomach bed
  • Soft palate
  • Duodenum
  • Peritoneum and its function
  • Vermiform appendix
  • Mention the differences between the small and large intestine
  • Describe pancreas
  • Name the blood vessels supplying the rectum
  • Difference between jejunum and ileum
  • Describe the interior of the anal canal
  • Inferior/ visceral surface of the liver
  • Name the peritoneal folds of liver
  • Name different lobes of the liver
  • Nerve supply of the small intestine
  • Name the Papillae of the tongue.
  • List the parts of the digestive system.
  • Name the parts of the large intestine.

 

UNIT 9

THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM

UNIT 9: SHORT ESSAY

  • The ureter
  • Histology of kidney
  • Urethra
  • Urinary bladder
  • Relations of the right kidney
  • Male urethra
  • Describe the macroscopic structure of the kidney
  • Describe nephrons in detail.
  • Describe the kidney under the following headings – location, shape, external features, coverings, relations, and blood supply.
  • Describe the urinary bladder in detail. Add a note on its applied anatomy.

 

UNIT 9: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Name the parts of a nephron
  • Name the different parts of the urinary system
  • Trigone of bladder
  • Mention the coverings of the kidney
  • Draw a labeled diagram of the nephron
  • Mention the constrictions of the ureter
  • Mention 2 important relations of the urinary bladder in females
  • Name the parts of the male urethra

UNIT 10

THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

UNIT 10: SHORT ESSAYS

  • Describe the pituitary gland in detail
  • Name the endocrine glands. Describe the thyroid gland in detail
  • Name the endocrine glands. Describe the pancreas
  • Thyroid gland
  • Functions of the adrenal gland
  • Parathyroid glands
  • Relations of the thyroid gland
  • Describe the pancreas under the following heading- location, parts, importance relations, and histology

UNIT 10: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Name the endocrine glands
  • Mention the parts of the pituitary gland
  • Mention the types of cells found in the anterior pituitary
  • Name 2 hormones produced by the neurohypophysis
  • Name any 4 hormones produced by the pituitary gland
  • Name 2 arteries supplying the thyroid gland
  • Name 2 ovarian hormones
  • Name the hormones secreted by the thyroid gland
  • Name the hormones secreted by the placenta
  • Mention the blood supply of the pancreas
  • Describe islets of Langerhans
  • Name the disorders of the thyroid gland.
  • Parts of the thyroid gland.

 

UNIT 11

THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM INCLUDING THE BREAST

UNIT 11: SHORT ESSAYS

  • Name the parts of the female reproductive tract. Describe the anatomy of the uterus
  • Name the parts of the female reproductive tract. Describe the anatomy of the ovary
  • Describe the uterus and its ligaments
  • Describe the female reproductive system
  • Supports of uterus
  • Fallopian tube
  • Spermatogenesis
  • Prostate
  • Oogenesis
  • Describe the structure of the mammary gland
  • Explain the location and structure of the ovary.

 

UNIT 11: SHORT ANSWERS

  • Name the internal organs of the female reproductive system
  • Mention the parts of the uterus
  • Name 4 ligaments of the uterus
  • Name the layers of the wall of the uterus
  • Name parts of the fallopian tube
  • Mention the boundaries of the ovarian fossa
  • Mention the layers of the scrotum
  • Graffian follicle
  • Ductus defers
  • Name the parts of the male urethra.
  • Draw a diagram of the structure of the uterus.

 

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Bsc Nursing 1st Year Important Questions 2023 (RGUHS) – Anatomy & Physiology

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